The above data of different investigators reveal that the average intelligence of delinquents happen to be lower than the average I. So many of them go back to their old ways even after getting caught and spending time in juvenile homes. In 2013, the figure was 2,140 against 1,590 cases. Thus, it may be said that juvenile delinquency is the result of both social or environmental and personal or individual factors. To eat is a biogenic need, but what to eat and how to eat is influenced by social forces and social interaction. Criminal Justice Reformative or Punitive and Juvenile Juvenile Justice is a legal framework which defines justice for juvenile under the Indian Legal System.
For this a Working Group was set up failures in the implementation of the Juvenile Justice System are summarized in the literature review, seep. In taking this view, the Commission rejected the conservative view that police should have nothing to do with social and economic legislations because: 1 The police are concerned with the basic criminal law only; 2 Due to deficiencies of manpower and equipment, they can barely manage to enforce the basic criminal law and cannot undertake a wider role; 3 Socio-economic reform is not the business of police; and 4 Greater efficiency would result from concentration on a narrow role. Section 50 of the Children and Young Person Act, 1933it has been stated that it shall be conclusively presumed that no child under the age of 10 can be guilty of an offence. Reformative Remedies For reformation of Juveniles various remedies are available under the Act. So that Police officers will not apprehend the innocent children and will take precautions in advance. Causes of Delinquency : In many under-developed and developing countries including many parts of India, criminal tendency of a person is looked upon as the results of evil deeds in the past life of the parents.
The teachers of reformatory schools should also keep in mind to act as substitutes of good, warm and understanding parents and help the children to generate a sense of security and involvement. There are male and female officers in this bureau who are specially trained in this work. It had risen to 2. There are many reasons like family environment, mental disorder, social disorganization etc. Paranjape , Criminology , Penology with Victimology, page no 673 ,Central Law Publications, 17 th edition,2017. Greater emphasis should be on preventing them from indulging into criminality rather than curing them after they have committed the offence.
The bill introduces foster care in India. That is why, they commit various impulsive behaviour, like small aggressive acts, petty stealing and various other sexual offences. Instead of giving these delinquents punishment, they are kept in Juvenile jail and correction homes where various corrective measures are taken to change their behaviour in the positive direction. Community based fishery management is expected to promote greater security of access and co-operation development to enhance sustainability of resources. Article shared by Essay on the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency — There is no single cause or simple explanation for the development of delinquent behaviour. They should, therefore, try to rectify their own behaviour so that in future there is no problem from the side of parents when the child returns from the reformatory home to be rehabilitated in the society.
At present, those under 18 can be sentenced to a maximum of three years in a juvenile reform home. These seminars should aim at sensitization of all concerned at all levels so that real goes to concerned lot, i. New laws are been made every new day amendments are made to existing laws after the Delhi gang rape in 2012 Government made some amendments and inserted Section 376A and Section 376E of the Indian Penal Code which provides imposition of death penalty on those who are convicted of rape. The system is giving a special treatment and protection to juvenile delinquency. After ten minutes two persons came and took away the injured boy in a rickshaw. Padmaja The author can be reached at: shwet legalserviceindia. Those children who are not major and have committed any illegal Activity they come under the purview of this Act which provides special homes so that they can be taken care of according to the norms of the society.
You can help by converting it into an encyclopaedia-style entry, deleting portions of the kind normally not used in encyclopaedia entries. The bill also seeks to make the adoption process of orphaned, abandoned and surrendered children more streamlined. Lower socio-economic status parents usually remain absent from home for earning their bread. Waywardness or incorrigibility in juvenile may be termed delinquency. When parents are too much absorbed in their own occupations and activities and do not provide the youth optimum attention, necessary support and encouragement during the crisis period of the growing age, they turn to peers and others as models who might be lacking the qualities of ideal models for the child. They are socially insensitive and lack guilt feeling. In the past three years, juveniles have been found involved in rapes, gruesome murders of elderly and robberies.
Within the economic sector, professional development programmes are being set up to provide alternatives for income generation. Heinous crimes of rare nature are a class of their own and hence should not be considered akin to petty crimes. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Refrain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks, name calling or inciting hatred against any community. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency continues to confound a broad range of behavioral specialists the world over. This act has been further amended in 2006 and 2010. Cinema, television and obscene literature may often provoke sexual and other impulses in adolescents. State of Coimbatore it was observed by the Court that accused has right to raise the question of juvenility at any point of time during trial or even after the disposal of the case under the Section 9 of Juvenile Justice Act , 2015.
There are programmes designed to train group and juvenile delinquency. It is found that even 50 per cent of the delinquents come from lower strata of the society with very poor economic background and hand to mouth living standard. Given that the alleged accused in the Mumbai gang rape have turned out to be petty thieves, Maharashtra has more reasons to worry as it accounts for maximum thefts by juveniles accounting for 19. They also face difficulties in scheduling time with their parents and adjustments to new influences when their biological parents remarry. ·To contribute to the improvement of legislation, education, justice, police, health care and social issues. Thus, they form a racket and in an organised way they create terror in the area.
Present Juvenile Justice System in India Like the other countries , India had also made legal provisions that especially and specifically deals with the rights and protection of juvenile offenders which seeks to tackle the problem of juvenile delinquency. Why the two gangs fought? In many cases, despite the family of the accused producing the birth certificate to show the young age of the arrested person, police ignored the evidence and acted only after age inquiry was conducted and it was ultimately found that the accused person is a juvenile. Mentally ill boys or girls can commit any crime without knowing the consequences of it. In 2011, it stood at 63. However, bad companionship is never the less an important factor which lead to delinquency, since delinquency is also a learnt behaviour.