That is why China was able to accept 2 different basic belief systems. After he denied him the duke still provided him with land of his own. If a ruler has appropriate personal conduct the government will be effective without needing to issue order. Shang Yang's legalism dealt with everyday situations but extended to how one should conduct one's self in war and he is credited with the tactics of total war which allowed the state of Qin to defeat the other warring states to control China. They have shaped their own societies in ways that are still even used today, and have brought hope to the lives of not millions…. Therefore, he set up five principal relationships in which most people are involved. Shu is known as the Golden Rule and it emphasizes reciprocal actions and effects.
Daoism teaches to orget all worldly possessions and wants and attempt to commune with nature. It espouses the principles of etiquette, humaneness, and righteousness, and upholds loyalty, forgiveness, and the doctrine of the mean. He believed that the present was out of step with the past, and that the government of man on earth was out of harmony with the Way of Heaven, the government of the universe. Each party had their own proposals for creating an idealistic political society where the many problems they faced in their everyday lives could be eliminated. Each philosophy had its own set of rules of how people should act both in public and privately.
After the decline of the Zhou dynasty, there was a breakdown of social order The Period of Warring States , so Chinese scholars and philosophers looked for ways to bring back a state of order and peace. He taught that if man is good by nature, then it is quite simple to acquire what is natural to humans where kindness and generosity should be prevalent. Confucianism was founded by a Chinese man, but Buddhism was founded by an Indian man. Finally, only well-educated and extremely virtuous officials should be appointed to run the government. In fact, if the father should die the eldest son would then take his place as head of the family. In order to prevent such deaths, a ruler had to create a body of laws which would direct people's natural inclination of self-interest toward the good of the state. His philosophy inspires scholars to take up civil service with the goal of building a society based upon their discernment of good and bad and to desire that which is judged to be good.
All three approaches were very distinct but at the same time, they contained similarities as well. Legalism applied to all social classes — anyone who broke the laws was punished regardless of status. Siblings Disguised as Rivals: Kindred Relationship Between Confucianism and Legalism Legalism is linked to laws while Confucianism is married to morals. In my opinion, the concept of Daoism is surprising because the thought of letting things take their course over time is unsettling. Confucianism's stance directly opposes Legalism. Therefore, he set up five principal relationships in which most people are involved.
I let go of religion, And people become serene. Not only did people believe in these ideas, but the three helped to govern the mighty Chinese dynasties. According to the precepts of Legalism, if it is in one's best interest to kill another person, that person will most probably be killed. Life after death To be worshipped as ancestors. Philosophers In China Confucius' Life Confucius was an extraordinary child who was extremely polite and loved to learn new things.
When comparing religions a person can deduce that all religions have a purpose and follow a specific set of rules, guidelines, and traditions. Buddhism speaks about how to acquire great knowledge throughout life. These two popular philosophies, however, developed into popular religions eventually. Charles Lee, a Chinese American businessman, who along with hundreds of thousands of peaceful citizens are imprisoned, tortured and even killed for their organs. This applies to all sentient and insentient beings.
And, if followed continuously, they become the inner nature of a person though doing them merely for the sake of doing would not lead to desired results. Amidst the chaos of political instability and constant warring of the Zhou era, arose many intellectual thinkers that brought such profound impact in the field of politics, religion and philosophy. Confucius was concerned with matters of human relationships. They are Western terms, coined in Europe as recently as the 18th century. Confucianism became the paramount school of thinking and later significant philosophies such as Daoism and Legalism gained immense recognition as well. Laozi viewed Dao as the indescribable force that governed the universe and nature. And not try to change it but try to working with it.
Being flexible and soft is better than being stubborn and hard. They originally kept a form of Legalism as their official philosophy but it was a much gentler version than that of the Qin. Trusting the way is trusting that the world will not lead you down the wrong path. The Legalists were unlike the other two. He developed instead three concepts of living that formed the basis of his philosophy. China, Korea, to lesser extent Vietnam and Japan.
Comment on the fundamental differences between Legalism and Confucianism. Confucius believed that education and ritual were two ways to teach values. Persuasiveness of Legalism The central…. Bound by a common conviction, the fates of a woman living in Beijing and a man living in New York become inextricably linked in a story of courage and freedom. .
Therefore, he emphasized reverence for the Ancestors, as well as for the ancient rituals and ceremonies in which the emperor, as the Son of Heaven, acted as intermediary between limitless heaven and limited earth. The overall goal of each philosophy was to set a standard of acceptable living that would ensure harmony and success for the society. One thing is clear though that both remain philosophies rather than being full-fledged religions. Good government and social order should be based on a strong relationship in the family. However, he succeeded in winning over a handful of devote followers who continued his legacy and Confucianism later went on to become one of the most influential thought systems of Chinese history. Another philosophy, Daoism, is similar to Confucianism and Legalism because it was also developed during the Classical Period in China as a solution to the disorder. To be one with the Tao.