When one of these psychic passions is exhausted another area is enkindled. The three year-old is at the height of his ritualistic order; he still needs routines and yet can begin to create his own order. As they learn to use their bodies, children are also developing cognitive abilities. The process is integrated, and diverse concepts are presented across the curriculum. When children are given lessons, materials, and activities as they are ready for them, learning to read is a natural, continuous progression.
In Montessori, our goal is to lay the groundwork for literacy and provide children with the tools for reading. Sensitivity To Socialization Just before three years of age, children develop an awareness of others like them and an interest in socialization. Practical Life exercises are an important part of the development of the young child. When a sensitive period is at its height, it is as if a spotlight illuminates some things while others are in the shadows. It is a joy for the three and four year old to know the names of the geometric shapes they see every day when they are in the sensitive period for enjoying shapes and words, but it is such a chore for the older child to have to learn them. These are fundamentals for writing and many other important skills.
It is important to establish a consistent routine that allows for your child to be as independent as possible e. Young children need concrete materials to fully develop mastery during these periods. Your child's internal fires of development literally use an external activity to promote and facilitate its development and expansion. During this period, the child's mathematical mind compels him to perfect in himself that which is now there. Montessori, The Secret of Childhood 55-56.
Any object presented, any idea given, any invitation to observe, is greeted with interest, because the child is already sensitive to such tiny differences as those which occur between the forms of leaves, the colours of flowers, or the bodies of insects. However, they enjoy the process and can help to keep their room in order if given small isolated tasks to accomplish. Maria Montessori realized that our lives are based on mathematical patterns and that mathematics leads to a discovery of natural patterns and natural laws. If certain kinds of learning does not occur during the child's sensitive period for it, that skill will never be acquired with such ease, as is the case with walking, talking, reading and writing. This is, therefore, the time when we should methodically direct the sense stimuli, in such a way that the sensations which he receives shall develop in a rational way. During this period you may find that children need and want to be accepted by anybody including parents, friends, family etc.
They are people with their own wants, desires, and needs who are looking to fulfill them and need our help to do so. As with the Practical Life curriculum, lessons are varied to meet the needs of each child. At first she did it with one foot on and one foot off the beam, then haltingly with both feet on and arms fully extended, and eventually more smoothly with arms lower at her sides. Between 3 to 6 years, the conscious slowly takes over establishing memory, the power to understand, and the ability to reason. If we trust that the child comes into the world with his unique plan for life and that it is he who will unfold before us, then we know that these first six years are crucial for his self development. How might a child show this sensitivity? It is important to limit screen time. During the first phase, from birth to three years old, the young child unknowingly or unconsciously acquires his basic abilities.
Based on her knowledge of the earlier apparatus designed for this purpose, and on her observations of the children in her care, she began gradually to develop her own set of materials. Children have a scanning radar that searches for any anomaly in their ordered world. The teacher is available to help and guide but never to interfere and destroy interest. Of course, this is just one example of how our Montessori environment supports the sensitive periods of the students. The Montessori curriculum supports sensitive periods at each level.
Nothing gives the child more satisfaction than being able to accomplish what he sets out to do. Very often, students will emerge reading at some level, but our objective is to instill in them the framework for reading letter sounds, vocabulary, grammar and a love for literature. An ordered environment helps the child internalise this sense of order. What to do when you notice a sensitive period? This is one of the advantages of the Montessori Method. During these periods the child has an especially strong sensitivity towards a particular piece of knowledge or skill.
The caterpillars lose this sensitivity when they are bigger and stronger and are able to eat the tougher, older leaves. Lead by showing grace and courtesy to your child and others you meet. Sense of Touch Your child learns best with hands-on, tactile experiences. Every effort marks an increase in power. The youngest child doesn't even realize he is separate from his surroundings. When she saw instances of profound concentration and seemingly endless repetition, she began to realize that children were working to enhance their own development, not only to accomplish the outer goal of getting the cylinders in the correct hole or the blocks forming the right pattern.