The criteria used to assess the quality of the case studies were a set of qualitative indicators. From reviewing the description of methods, few authors provided a description or justification of case study methodology that demonstrated how their study was informed by the methodological literature that exists on this approach. Case study research: Design and methods. Title and abstracts of the 45 retrieved articles were read by the first author, who identified 34 empirical case studies for review. Adequate contextual description is required to understand the setting or context in which the case is revealed.
The criteria proposed by Stake provide a framework for readers and reviewers to make judgements regarding case study quality, and identify key characteristics essential for good methodological rigour. Nil Austin, Park, and Goble ; Broyles, Rodriguez, Price, Bayliss, and Sevick ; De Haene et al. Do observations and interpretations appear to have been triangulated? There were inconsistencies in methodology and study design, which indicated that researchers were confused whether case study was a methodology or a method. There is evidence of researcher immersion in the case, and Gillard reports spending significant time in the field in a naturalistic and integrated youth mentor role. Exploring and implementing participatory action synthesis. Without adequate description, study design might not be understood by the reader, and can appear to be dishonest or inaccurate. A critical review is used to develop existing, or produce new, hypotheses or models.
However, this might be different from one context to another. The conclusion of the judges was that this was an outstanding good-outcome case: the depressive symptoms showed an early clinical and reliable improvement, maintained till the 6 months follow-up, accompanied by reductions in anxiety symptoms, global distress and severity of personal problems. This is different to systematic reviews that answer clinical questions. On account of the minute study of the different facets of a social unit, the researcher can well understand the social change then and now. Was it edited well, then again with a last minute polish? Generally, the study extends over a long period of time to ascertain the natural history of the unit so as to obtain enough information for drawing correct inferences. Capitalizing on the ability to publish complementary resources should be considered.
The methodological descriptions of each study were reviewed using the adapted criteria, and the following issues were identified: case study methodology or method; case of something particular and case selection; contextually bound case study; researcher and case interactions and triangulation; and, study design inconsistent with methodology. It is a type of research inquiry that examines a real life contemporary phenomenon. Creating business value with data analytics is a continuous process that requires to effectively consider the design and deployment of powerful analytics solutions. Emerging criteria for quality in qualitative and interpretive research. Is empathy shown for all sides? Students learn primarily by doing and repetition and a two-day sequel laboratory could become an effective in-class activity. The case study deals with the processes that take place and their interrelationship.
In six studies, the methodological justification provided did not relate to case study. Journal title Date of search Number of studies located Number of full text studies extracted Health sciences Social sciences and anthropology Methods Qualitative Health Research 4 Mar 2013 18 16 Barone ; Bronken et al. These studies, carried out at multiple time points, are powerful in that they offer the possible of understanding causative connection in organization behavior. The objective of this paper is to discuss the use of data analytics in Industry 4. William Healy resorted to this method in his study of juvenile delinquency, and considered it as a better method over and above the mere use of statistical data. Cumulating the intellectual gold of case study research. Seven case studies were categorized as social sciences and anthropology research, which combined case study with biography and ethnography methodologies.
He concludes by expressing his gratitude and thanks to a number of people who have supported him on his research journey. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Case studies often lead to testable hypotheses and allow us to study rare phenomena. They described how the analysis of the two cases would contribute to their larger study on first time fathers and parenting. Thus, a competitive learning environment is needed to boost class performance. Culturally sensitive care 1969—2000: The Indian Chicano Health Center. Scholarship from both schools of inquiry has contributed to the popularity of case study and development of theoretical frameworks and principles that characterize the methodology.
Despite on-going debate about credibility, and reported limitations in comparison to other approaches, case study is an increasingly popular approach among qualitative researchers. It cannot draw conclusions from that data about which way the relationship goes — Does A cause B, or does B cause A? The art of case study research. Bouncing between the dark and bright sides: Can technology help qualitative research? Within-case and across-case approaches to qualitative data analysis. Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. The findings were a historical case report, which resulted from an ethnographic study of vegetarianism. Poorly described methodological descriptions may lead the reader to misinterpret or discredit study findings, which limits the impact of the study, and, as a collective, hinders advancements in the broader qualitative research field. Multiple data collection and analysis methods are adopted to further develop and understand the case, shaped by context and emergent data Stake,.
Possible limitations of a convenience sample were not acknowledged. Case study research has a level of flexibility that is not readily offered by other qualitative approaches such as grounded theory or phenomenology. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Wellbeing. Definitions of qualitative case study research Case study research is an investigation and analysis of a single or collective case, intended to capture the complexity of the object of study Stake,. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. Resisting resistance stories: A tri-autoethnographic exploration of father narratives across shades of difference. Is the nature of the intended audience apparent? Viewpoints, commentaries, and other article types were excluded from review.