A math or monastery was established in Belur near Calcutta. The main reformers were the intellectuals who advocated reforms of the social system of the Hindus. He was moved by deep love for the country and worked throughout his life for the social, religious, intellectual and political regeneration of the Indians. In this Article we will study the life and works of various great social reformers of India; alongside we will also try to understand what is a social evil is; its causes and who is a social reformer etc. However such threats and pressures by the society would not deter him from doing his work and he kept creating awareness among people about social evils.
Hindu reform society established in Bombay in the 1860s. Most of them worked within the framework of their respective communities in a way tended to promote identities based on religion or caste. It campaigned against idolatry and the caste system. Indian Society of the 19th century had reached a stage of decadence which was a continuation of dark ages of preceding centuries. Schools for girls were set up. It was also used for promoting social reforms.
The movements started appearing during the. He also recognised the importance of vernaculars for spreading new ideas. He fought for improving the condition of women, the poor and the untouchables. They could get that Indian civilisation and society was far more advanced and had no or lesser evils in it. He was instrumental in enactment of number of social legislations like passage of Widow Remarriage Act, 1856, legalisation of non-ritualistic or Brahmo form of marriages by enactment of Native Marriage Act of 1872 popularly known as the Civil Marriage Act. Syed Ahmad of Rae Bareli became sworn enemy of British.
Temperance supporters hoped to stop alcohol consumption and thus end these undesirable results. The movement urged people to cultivate and practice all virtues and abhor vices in every form and shape. Most Muslims feared that Western education would endanger their religion as it was un-Islamic in character. It was a popular movement, which occurred in Tamil Nadu in 1925. Prarthana Samaj : Mahadev Gobind Ranade along with Dr Atmaram Pandurang founded Prarthana Samaj in 1867 reorganized Paramhansa Sabha under the guidance of Keshab Chandra Sen.
Second is the first law of energy that energy matter that cannot be created nor destroyed The third is the second law of energy when energy changes its quality is always degraded. Its leader was Henry Vivian Derozio, a teacher of the Hindu College. The society believed that oriental religion, especially Hindu religion and its classics, ancient thoughts, had answers to all human miseries. Subsequently, Lahore became the epicentre of the Arya movement. Vivekananda established the monastic order after name of his guru or spiritual preceptor Ramkrishna Paramhansa of Dakshineswar, Calcutta who believed in universalism in religion and whose main concern was religious salvation and not social salvation. Theosophical Movement : It was founded by H.
Through these journals and newspapers they put forward their demands for social, economic and political changes. He argued that ancient Hindu texts the Vedas and the Upanishads upheld the doctrine of monotheism. He had no formal education but his discourses were full of wisdom. The reformers had a great impact on nineteenth-century India, but there were also other factors effecting change. During the 19th century, Hinduism developed a large number of , partly inspired by the European , , and popular at the time. . In fact a social reformer is an ordinary human being who wants to serve the cause of humanity in extraordinary ways.
K Deodhar 1909 Pune Social Service League N. He advocated social equality improvement in status of women and denounced untouchability, caste rigidities and encouraged rationality. Moreover, traditions die very hard. Dayanand Saraswati believed that the Vedas contained the knowledge imparted to men by God, and hence its study alone could solve all social problems. He represented the best in traditional Indian learning and the new thought of the West.
This movement further wanted to reform the attitude of the Muslims under the influence of Western liberal education by establishing schools and colleges for new learning. They worked for abolition of castes and untouchability, purdah system, sati, child marriage, social inequalities and illiteracy. The masses remained nearly untouched by the ideas of the intellectuals. Religious and social movements among the Sikhs were undertaken by various gurus who tried to bring about positive changes in the Sikh religion. In August 1948, she left the Loreto Convent and wandered out.