An email from a manager to one of his subordinates rebuking his behavior with potential clients c. On Wednesday, the council decided to apply for a grant. Which of the following statements sounds discriminatory? A modifier adds detail or limits or changes the meaning of another word or phrase. Sucking warm water from a rubber hose, a participle phrase, should describe picnickers, but since that is so far away, the phrase seems to be modifying envious looks, which don't have mouths that can suck water! Create a word for the modifier to describe. Notice that the addition of a target makes the sentence clear: With a sigh of pleasure, Roland began to consume cucumber sandwiches. Unfortunately, Mitch's delight can't be tired of this because Mitch's delight isn't a person. Rewrite the sentence so that its meaning is clear.
They explain or otherwise expand on information in the sentence and, like adjective phrases, should immediately follow their headwords: Incorrect: Her sorority sponsored a blood drive to assist the disaster relief effort that they had spent almost six months planning. Strategies for revising dangling modifiers: 1. Correctly written, the sentence means that hamburgers were served, on paper plates. Modifiers can either be adjectives or adverbs and can be phrases, dependent clauses, or single words. Sometimes you will need to invent a subject. Modifiers usually have to accompany the thing they are modifying or go as close to it as possible.
The company has been able to achieve a greater market visibility. In the following example, the underlined modifier refers clearly to rafters: Staggering with exhaustion after their long day on the river, the sunburned rafters dragged their boat into the shallows. Example Now it is the watch that is gold. In many cases, the dangling modifier appears at the beginning of a sentence, although it can also come at the end. Then, decide whether each of the following questions is correct, or whether it contains a dangling modifier! The surf with the deep tan? Affirmative action aims to address disparities in opportunities amongst various ethnic minorities. If we move things around, the modifier hits the right target: Sucking warm water from a rubber hose, the other picnickers quenched their own thirst as they shot envious looks Roland's way.
Is it the firefighter or the woman who was rescued by the firefighter? The quarterly inspection of the supplies department will be carried out by the new inspector, Mr. The steak on the grill is hers. Example 1 a buyer with leather seats? A modifier describes, clarifies, or gives more detail about a concept. An email from an employee to his superiors proposing an upgrade of manufacturing equipment to increase the overall effectiveness of his department Which of the following statements best illustrates the you-viewpoint? In general, an adjective modifier precedes the noun it modifies. Our team consists of 18 crew members and a Cuban engineer. To complete the grammar quiz on time, you will have to click your heels three times.
Sometimes the error occurs because the sentence fails to specify anything to which the modifier can refer. A dog appeared in my dreams that sang like an angel. A dangling modifier is a phrase that doesn't modify the noun that's near it. Dangling modifiers Dangling modifiers are missing their intended headwords; that is, you cannot point to any word in the main part of the sentence that the modifier refers to. What is a misplaced modifier Self Teaching Unit: Avoiding Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers ©t 2000, 1999, 1998, 1998 Margaret L. Thus, this modifier error is dangling and not merely misplaced. The dog bit only the mailcarrier.
She calculated the slope and graphed the result quickly. Yes: They worked almost five years on that system. Adjective phrases and clauses follow. Faulty parallelism violates this logical expectation. Modifiers should be placed as close as possible to the word that they are describing; if not, the reader may have difficulty knowing which word in the sentence should be modified.
Sneering with superiority, a , describes Roland, the noun right after it. The sentence doesn't state who was running to catch the train and makes it seem as though it was the b … ag. A dangling modifier is a related but slightly different error. Moving slowly, Bowie stalked the rabbits. Did she agree to this after the game? At other times the dangling modifier is placed next to the wrong noun or noun substitute. The will say that the expression: 'He only died last week' is incorrect, and that it should be: 'He died only last week.
To fix the errors and clarify the meaning, put the phrases next to the noun they are supposed to modify. Slang words should be used with caution in business communication. Reprinted in The Owl in the Attic and Other Perplexities. Furthermore, they can be downright illogical. Example 1 As written, this sentence means that children were served on paper plates.
A squinting modifier is a modifier misplaced so that it may describe two situations. In other words, who or what owns the sentence's verb? In English, adverbs are allowed to move around quite a bit in a sentence. Since the doer of the action expressed in the participle has not been clearly stated, the participial phrase is said to be a dangling modifier. There are several kinds of misplaced modifiers: are incorrectly separated from the nouns they modify and almost always distort the intended meaning. Fewer customers are opting for health insurance plans at present. In the following example the prepositional phrase is modifying a verb or verbal-but which? Customers are buying less books.